Syllabus of Political Science PSIR UPSC Optional Paper
PAPER 1 : PART [A]
1. Political theory: meaning and approaches. 2. Theories of the state: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist. 3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques. 4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action. 5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights. 6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy representative, participatory and deliberative. 7. Concept of power: hegemony, ideology and legitimacy. 8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhi’s and Feminism. 9. Indian Political Thought: Dharam shastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy. 10. Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
Political Science PSIR PAPER 1 : PART [B]
1. Indian Nationalism: a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle: constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements. b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit. 2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives. 3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine. 4. a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court. b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts. 5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements. 6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission. 7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes. 8. Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms. 9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics. 10. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behavior; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators. 11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements
Political Science PSIR PAPER 2 : [PART A] :
Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics 1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method. 2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies. 3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies. 4. Globalization: Responses from developed and developing societies. 5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory. 6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalization. 7. Changing International Political Order: (a) Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat; (b) Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements; (c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world. 8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Bretton woods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalization of the world economy. 9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms. 10. Regionalization of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
Political Science PSIR PART 2 (A) :
Comparative Politics and International Politics
1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change. 2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role. 3. India and South Asia: a. Regional Co-operation: SAARC-past performance and future prospects. b. South Asia as a Free Trade Area. c. India’s “Look East” policy. d. Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes. 4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations. 5. India and the Global Centre’s of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia. 6. The UN System and India : Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council. 7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy. 8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.
Political Science PSIR Optional Question Papers (Year-wise) 2022 – 2010